To Measure Acceleration due to Gravity 'g' using a Free Fall apparatus.
In this experiment a ball is dropped from an electromagnet or other mechanism onto a trapdoor.
When the ball is released a timer is started. When the ball hits the trapdoor the
timer is stopped. If the distance from the ball to the trapdoor is measured the
acceleration due to gravity (g) can be calculated.
Use the formula; s = ut + ½at² and note that u = 0 and a = g.
Click "Get Ruler". Measure and record the distance from the trapdoor to the bottom of the ball (s)
Click "Drop Ball" to release the ball and start the timer. Record the time (t) for the ball to fall the measured distance. In the physics lab. the ball should be allowed to fall at least three times and the shortest time recorded. Not necessary here.
Click "Lower Ball". The release mechanism falls by a random amount thus changing the distance through which the ball will fall the next time
Repeat steps 1 to 4 until at least six sets of results are collected
Calculate g for each s value and its corresponding t value using the formula given above.
Plot a graph of s (y-axis) against t². Draw a "best fit" straight line and measure its slope. Since s = ½gt², the value of g is calculated by g = 2 × slope.
Record the shortest time of fall for each height
Place a piece of paper between the ball and the electromagnet to ensure that the ball falls immediately when the switch is flicked
Use large distances as much as possible so that measurement errors (distance and time) are relatively small.